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An oasis for a food desert: the comeback of the East Side Market
Three Cleveland councilmen have formed an alliance to give their constituents a place to buy fresh food
by WKSU's VIVIAN GOODMAN
This story is part of a special series.


Reporter
Vivian Goodman
 
Ward 8 Councilman Michael Polensek and Ward 10 Councilman Jeffrey Johnson are working to reopen the East Side Market along with their colleague Councilman Kevin Conwell. At the time of our interview, Councilman Conwell was in a meeting with Mayor Frank Jackson about the market plan.
Courtesy of VIVIAN GOODMAN
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Getting access to fresh, healthy food is not easy in much of Cleveland’s inner-city.

But in the northeast part of town, three councilmen have joined forces to try to solve the problem. WKSU’s Vivian Goodman has the story in today’s Quick Bite.

LISTEN: An effort to bring fresh food to the inner-city

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Ward 8 Councilman Mike Polensek says it’s clear from where he’s standing at the corner of East 105th and St. Clair Avenue: “This section of Glenville is a food desert.” 

Glenville residents are among 23.5 million Americans who live in what the USDA calls a “food desert," that is a low-income neighborhood where at least a third of the population lives a mile away from a food market.

“We need a grocery store here,” says Councilman Polensek.    

Supermarkets deserted the food desert
Along with Polensek and Ward 9 Councilman Kevin Conwell, Ward 10 Councilman Jeff Johnson also has constituents in Glenville.

He says fresh food disappeared from the neighborhood when supermarkets pulled out in the '80s.  

“There was a lot of consolidation in the industry. Pick-n-Pay was bought by Finast, and others consolidated. And then we have some who don’t want to come to an inner-city. Heinen’s went downtown, but they would never dream of coming into our neighborhoods.”  

To illustrate the need, Councilman Johnson takes us for a tour in his car.

Mini-marts galore but nothing fresh
On almost every corner he points to a mini-mart or a deli, "a store that sells cigarettes, alcohol and lottery. And those are the stores that ... usually have reports of bad meat, if they even have meat in there. They got a lot of processed food in there. And Mike and I just think we have too many of these.”

“We have objected," says Councilman Polensek. “Unfortunately the state continues to issue liquor licenses. So you’re looking at empty corners, boarded-up buildings. And the reality was, in the day, you’d go three blocks and you’d have a store.”

No more neighborhood grocers
Councilman Johnson points to a boarded-up building.

“This used to be a grocery store right here. It was actually owned by an African American. He did sell fresh fruits and vegetables. That’s when you actually had that typical neighborhood store. 

“Now, as far as we’ve driven down 105th Street, which is a major corridor, this is like the major artery between north and south Glenville, and we’ve not seen one store that offers fresh fruits and vegetables,” Johnson notes, adding, “I’ll tell you, we can go all the way down into University Circle and you will not find a store.” 

Collaboration across ward boundaries
Glenville is an historic east-side neighborhood just south of the Cleveland Memorial Shoreway.

It’s been plagued with crime, poverty and racial tensions that culminated in the 1968 Glenville shootout.

But it wasn’t always a low-income area. 


When the City of Cleveland annexed the village of Glenville in 1905, it had been a resort community for the upper-middle class.

Glenville became Mike Polensek’s concern only last year, after new ward boundaries were drawn. Jeff Johnson grew up here.

An oasis is coming
But most of Glenville is in Councilman Kevin Conwell’s Ward 9, and he’s been working just as hard as Johnson and Polensek to bring an oasis to the food desert.

The three co-sponsored a bill that Cleveland City Council passed in September to bring a grocery store to Glenville.

Conwell recently met with Mayor Frank Jackson and convinced him to sign the legislation.

Once lease agreements are worked out, the long-abandoned East Side Market building at E. 105th and St. Clair Avenue would house Mazzulo’s Grocery Store as well as Northeast Ohio Neighborhood Health Services Inc.’s health and nutritional programs.

Only two blocks separate Johnson, Conwell and Polensek’s wards. After last year’s redistricting they pledged to work as a team.

“With this Northeast Coalition, we work across ward boundaries. We try to assist each other,” says Polensek. “Ward boundaries change, but the issues don’t.”  

Equal access to healthy food
The key issue for Johnson is equal opportunity. Cleveland has become a foodie mecca, with celebrity chefs making national news.

But not in this neighborhood.

“Northeast has been basically neglected from investments. You know you have your Tremonts; you have your Ohio Cities; you have your Detroit Shoreways. Those were the ones that leaders focused on.
 
"When Mike and I, and Kevin got together, we decided enough was enough, and we fought hard to start to get more investment in here.” 

Their fight is bearing fruit.

The $3.5 million renovation of the East Side Market is set to open by mid-summer.

(Click image for larger view.)

Cleveland Ward 9 Councilman Kevin Conwell often quotes one of his constituents who asked him to bring fresh food to her neighborhood: "Just give me an apple. All I want is an apple."
The East Side Market opened at the corner of E. 105th Street and St. Clair Avenue in 1988. It has been closed since 2007, but if all goes according to plan, a grocery store will open in the building next summer, providing fresh fruit, vegetables, meat and bakery that has been sorely lacking.
The East Side Market fell into disrepair even before it closed eight years ago. The City of Cleveland owns the building.
Cleveland City Council adopted legislation in September to allow the East Side Market to reopen under a lease agreement with Northeast Ohio Neighborhood Health Services.
Shuttered store fronts in the neighborhood of the East Side Market evoke not only urban blight but the public health problem of the lack of sources for fresh food.
Grocery is a word on the store sign but cigarettes, alcohol, and lottery tickets are the main business of delis on inner-city Cleveland corners like E. 105th and Gooding.
Discount stores sell food in Glenville, but many residents choose instead to drive or take buses to shop at the nearest grocery stores in the St. Clair-Superior or North Collinwood neighborhoods.
Mini-marts, corner delis, dollar stores, discount stores and fast-food franchises abound in Glenville, but it's hard to find a sit-down restaurant and impossible to find a grocery store.
Omar's at E. 125th and St. Clair is known for its perch, shrimp, and scampi, but it's take-out only. Sit-down restaurants are hard to find in most Glenville neighborhoods.
Councilmen Johnson, Polensek and Conwell have protested the plethora of liquor licenses the state has handed out in their wards. Councilman Polensek says, "Let's face it. The State of Ohio is in the liquor business."
 
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